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Physics of metal/electrolyte interfaces
    Processes at solid/liquid interfaces are of enormous technological importance. Examples of large scale applications are galvanisation and passivation for corrosion inhibition, batteries and fuel cells for energy storage and conversion, electro-catalysis and flotation.
    Nowadays nanoscale integrated circuits are produced electro-chemically, by the so-called “Damascene process”. Special coatings lead to super-hydro-phobic and self-cleaning surfaces (“Lotus – effect”).
    In order to understand and optimize these processes detailed fundamental research is required. The electrochemical scanning tunnelling microscope (EC-STM) enables to study properties and processes at solid/liquid interfaces with atomic resolution. Both microscopic and spectroscopic investigations in air and electrochemical environment can be carried out with the use of EC-STM.

    Atomically resolved Scanning Tunnelling
    Microscopy (STM)
    images in air
    STM images in solution
    Au(111) CV of Au(111) in 0.1 M H2SO4 SO42-/23ML Cu/Au(111)
    I/Au(100) H2TMPyP/I/Au(100) TMPyP/I/Au(100)